The negative news for the environment not only comes from the burning Amazon. The total number of animals and plants at risk of extinction increased from 26 thousand 197 in 2018 to 28 thousand 338 in 2019, according to the recent update of the Red List of Endangered Species of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Support to countries affected by fire in the Amazon
G7 agrees to help countries affected by fires in the Amazon
There are 2,141 species that were added to the document that assessed the status of 105,732 kinds of animals, fungi and plants worldwide. The 28,388 threatened species represent 27% of the total studied.
Image of the fire in Candeias do Jamari, Brazil. AFP
In the category “danger” there are 9,754 species, in “critical danger” there are 6 thousand 127 and as “vulnerable” 12 thousand 457 appear.
In the line of extinct species, 73 are in their natural habitat, such as the golden frog of Panama, and 873 have disappeared entirely, according to the list published a few days ago.
Animals and plants
Of the 1,731 species of animals documented in Panama, 575 (33%) are vulnerable (high risk of extinction in their wild state), endangered (very high risk of extinction in their wild state) or critically endangered (risk of extinction extremely high in its wild state). On the plant side, of the 10,444 identified species, 732 (16%) are in danger of extinction.
The group of missing animals will be joined “within a few months” by the vaquita marina, according to environmental organizations in Mexico, who estimated the cetacean population to be “a dozen specimens” in their habitat in the Gulf of California.
Amphibian populations (40%) are the most affected, followed by conifers (34%) and corals (33%), among other species ( See infographic ).
“The Red List of Endangered Species , as a world inventory, allows us to alert you to the state of the world’s biodiversity and its applications allow decision makers to consider the best options for the conservation of species (…) The information on list indicates that the source of our food, medicines and drinking water, in addition to the livelihoods of millions of people, could be at risk with the rapid decline of animal and plant species in the world, ”explains IUCN in its portal internet www.iucn.org.
In Panama there are 2,307 species between fauna and flora that face some situation of risk of extinction, according to the List of threatened species of flora and fauna of Panama (2016) prepared by the Ministry of Environment.
The Amazon, one of the keys to global climate stability
Aug 27, 2019 – 00: 00h
The Amazon rainforest, prey today of multiple fires, plays a crucial role in the stability of regional and global climates, and its destruction, although partial, would have consequences for the planet’s temperature and biodiversity.
The jungles of the world – and in particular those of the tropics – absorb between 25% and 30% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that humanity releases into the atmosphere. Without these CO2 “vacuum cleaners”, the temperature on the Earth’s surface would be much higher and the risk of rapid global warming, higher.